Mark Jacobsen, professor, University of California, San Diego, research associate, National Bureau of Economic Research
Monday, November 17, 2014 | 04:15 PM - 05:15 PM | NVIDIA Auditorium, Jen-Hsun Huang Engineering Center | Free and Open to All
The U.S. corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards place requirements on the efficiency of new vehicles sold and are a cornerstone of U.S. efforts to reduce gasoline use. They are currently slated for a sharp increase in stringency, nearly doubling the average fuel economy of new vehicles by 2025. I will present results from a set of three projects examining the economics behind these rules: First, I measure the overall costs of CAFE policy using detailed data on demand for new vehicles and a model of producer behavior. Second, I address the intertwined questions of vehicle size and accident safety in the context of CAFE. Finally, I will present results from a current working paper that measures the effects of CAFE on used vehicle scrappage.
Michael Sivak, research professor, University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute
Monday, October 20, 2014 | 04:15 PM - 05:15 PM | | Free and Open to All
I will discuss two series of studies related to the possible peaking of motorization in the U.S. In the first series of studies, I examined recent changes in the number of registered light-duty vehicles, and the corresponding changes in distance driven and fuel consumed. The units of the analyses were both the absolute numbers and the rates per person, per driver, and per household.
Sharareh Tavafrashti, Principal Engineer, San Francisco County Transportation Authority
Elkin Bello, Program Manager, Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
Monday, April 7, 2014 | 04:15 PM - 05:15 PM | NVIDIA Auditorium, Jen-Hsun Huang Engineering Center | Free and Open to All
|Shari Tavafrashti||Elkin Bello|
As the cost of providing space and energy for personal transportation options have increased both on the capital side as well as its energy footprint and consequences, mass transportation is gaining priority for developing and developed countries. In this presentation, we will provide a few examples of the successful and not so successful implementations for the bus rapid transit system around the world. The lecture will compare key features of various BRT projects around the world and attempt to address their impact on sustainable development and transportation solutions in each environment.
Debbie Senesky, Aeronautics and Astronautics, Stanford University
Monday, February 25, 2013 | 04:15 PM - 05:15 PM | NVIDIA Auditorium, Jen-Hsun Huang Engineering Center | Free and Open to All
Harsh environment sensors can be used to perform real-time, in-situ combustion monitoring leading to designs of power and propulsion systems (e.g. automotive engines, industrial gas turbines and aircraft engines) with increased efficiencies, fuel flexibility and reduced CO2 emissions.
In addition, new milestones in space exploration can be realized through the development of high temperature, radiation-hardened materials, instrumentation and energy conversion devices. In this talk, compelling results of silicon carbide (SiC), gallium nitride (GaN) and aluminum nitride (AlN) sensor operation at temperatures as high as 600oC is reviewed.
John Atcheson, Vice President, Getaround
Logan Green, CEO & Co-founder, Zimride
Monday, April 9, 2012 | 04:15 PM - 05:15 PM | NVIDIA Auditorium, Jen-Hsun Huang Engineering Center | Free and Open to All
David Stern, ExxonMobil Refining and Supply Company and
Dan Sperling, Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California at Davis
Please note different venue (320-105) and day (Wednesday)
Wednesday, April 13, 2011 | 04:15 PM - 05:30 PM | | Free and Open to All
Abstract from Daniel Sperling:
The low carbon fuel standard (LCFS) is being implemented in
Abstract from Dr. David Stern:
Challenges to Meet a Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS)
As part of AB32, California’s Climate Change Act, the California Air Resource Board (CARB) has enacted a Low Carbon Fuel Standard. The LCFS mandates a reduction in fuel life-cycle carbon intensity (CI), versus a petroleum fuel (gasoline/diesel) baseline. At low CI reduction targets, increased use of biofuel is needed to meet the target, but higher CI reduction targets (e.g., 10%) are infeasible without large numbers of electric vehicles, large use of very low CI biofuels, or both.
This talk will review the challenges in meeting the LCFS, and why LCFS is a complex, cost ineffective, and non-transparent policy to reduce GHG’s.
- On a cost per unit GHG reduction, transportation-fuel-related cost reductions substantially exceeds the cost of other GHG reductions
- If policy goals are to promote biofuels or to electrify the fleet, direct and transparent regulations are better ways to meet these goals
- If the policy goal is GHG reduction, the most efficient and cost effective approach is a broad based, revenue-neutral carbon tax
Our discussion will also review principles to consider in policy development. If society chooses to implement climate policy, such policies should: ensure a uniform and predictable cost of GHG emissions, let market prices drive the solution, minimize complexity, maximize transparency, and adjust to future developments in climate science and the economic impacts of climate policies.
Andreas Schäfer, University of Cambridge
Monday, March 7, 2011 | 04:15 PM - 05:15 PM | NVIDIA Auditorium, Jen-Hsun Huang Engineering Center | Free and Open to All
Jens K. Norskov, Center for Interface Science and Catalysis, SLAC
Wednesday, December 1, 2010 | 04:15 PM - 05:15 PM | Building 420, Room 40 | Free and Open to All
Essentially all sustainable energy systems rely on the energy influx from the sun. In order to store solar energy it is most conveniently transformed into a chemical form, a fuel. The key to provide an efficient transformation of energy to a chemical form is the availability of suitable catalysts, and we will need to find new catalysts for a number of processes if we are to successfully synthesize fuels from sunlight. Insight into the way the catalysts work at the molecular may prove essential to speed up the discovery process. The lecture will discuss some of the challenges to catalyst discovery, the associated challenges to science as well as some approaches to molecular level catalyst design. Specific examples will include the (photo-)electrochemical oxygen evolution and hydrogen evolution reactions, carbon dioxide reduction, and biomass transformation reactions.
No video available
- Zhi-Xun Shen, Stanford Institute for Materials & Energy Science (SIMES)
- Sally Benson, Global Climate and Eneregy Project GCEP
- Stacey Bent, TomKat Center for Sustainable Energy
- Jim Sweeney, Precourt Energy Efficiency Center (PEEC)
- Frank Wolak, Program on Energy and Sustainable Development (PESD)
- Larry Goulder, Stanford Environment and Energy Policy Analysis Center (SEEPAC)
Wednesday, October 6, 2010 | 04:15 PM - 05:15 PM | Building 420, Room 40 | Free and Open to All
Franklin M. ("Lynn") Orr, Jr. became the director of the Precourt Institute for Energy at Stanford upon its establishment in 2009. He served as director of the Global Climate and Energy Project from 2002 to 2008. Orr was the Chester Naramore Dean of the School of Earth Sciences at Stanford University from 1994 to 2002. He has been a member of the Stanford faculty since 1985 and holds the Keleen and Carlton Beal Chair of Petroleum Engineering in the Department of Energy Resources Engineering, and is a Senior Fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment. His research activities focus on how complex fluid mixtures flow in the porous rocks in the Earth's crust, the design of gas injection processes for enhanced oil recovery, and CO2 storage in subsurface formations. Orr is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He serves as vice chair of the board of directors of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, and he chairs the Science Advisory Committee for the David and Lucile Packard Foundation and was a foundation board member from 1999-2008.
Joe Paluska, Vice President of Communications, Better Place
Wednesday, May 12, 2010 | 04:15 PM - 05:15 PM | Building 420, Room 40 | Free and Open to All
In the last two years, the world has seen an unprecedented momentum toward electric vehicles. Leadership by governments committed to electrification, together with the right economics and policy, is catalyzing a race in the global automotive industry toward electrification. While primary motivations for countries leading on electrification differ form oil dependence to developing globally dominant automotive industries to zero-emission transportation and integration of renewable generation, the answer is the same. Electrification enables all of these benefits, if it is done at scale. Yet even as China, Europe and other markets surge forward with electric vehicles, the US lags behind. This session will explore the global momentum for electrification, the barriers and opportunities to mass adoption of electric vehicles, and the lessons for the US on the economics and policy of EV’s.